What is Speech Therapy? Your 2021 Guide

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As Educators and Clinicians, we work with the concept of speech therapy every day. We understand the impact it can have on a life and where to apply it. But as with all things, sometimes it’s good to get back to basics. So for aspiring Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs), parents, or those just looking for a simple explanation, let’s walk through the basics of speech therapy.

 

Who? 

Speech therapy is performed by Speech-Language Pathologists, also known as Speech Therapists. Sometimes they are joined by a Speech-Language Pathology Assistant (SLPA). 

 

What? 

Speech therapy improves communication by addressing any number of disorders, delays, or impairments in both children and adults. (https://www.healthline.com/health/speech-therapy)

 

When?

Due to the wide range of issues and impairments that can be addressed, people of all ages may benefit from speech therapy. (https://www.asha.org/public/who-are-speech-language-pathologists/

 

Where?

Speech-Language Pathologists may work at schools, private practices, physicians’ offices, rehabilitation facilities, long-term care facilities, or hospitals. Some sessions may even be conducted via tele therapy.  (https://www.asha.org/public/who-are-speech-language-pathologists/)

 

How?

The first step for speech therapy to be evaluated and diagnosed by a Speech-Language Pathologist. Once the diagnoses is made, they create a plan using the appropriate tools, techniques and strategies to address the issue. These may include:

  • Talking, playing, and interacting
  • Books and Pictures
  • Sound modeling
  • Problem solving
  • Oral muscle exercises
  • Breathing exercises 

https://www.healthline.com/health/speech-therapy#what-to-expect

 

Why?

SLPs can help with a number of speech issues, including:

 

Because

SLPs use speech therapy to help others overcome hurdles and gain confidence so that they can gain the ability and grow confidence. Being able to make such a positive impact on lives

 

Useful Resources:

Speech Language Pathology – FAQ

What is Speech Therapy?

How To Become a Speech Pathologist in 5 Steps

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special needs child with fingers painted with a smiley facespeech pathologist answering questions and working with student to sound out words